| 1 | |
| 2 | = Phonetic alphabets for American English = |
| 3 | |
| 4 | This document displays IPA characters and other special |
| 5 | characters in the Phonetic alphabets section. See also CzechPhoneticAlphabet. |
| 6 | |
| 7 | == Phonetic alphabets == |
| 8 | |
| 9 | |
| 10 | Table version 4.0 |
| 11 | |
| 12 | === Vowel === |
| 13 | |
| 14 | {{{#!tr |
| 15 | {{{#!th width="72" |
| 16 | IPA |
| 17 | }}} |
| 18 | {{{#!th width="93" |
| 19 | L&H+ |
| 20 | }}} |
| 21 | {{{#!th width="216" |
| 22 | Description |
| 23 | }}} |
| 24 | {{{#!th width="144" |
| 25 | IPA Unicode |
| 26 | }}} |
| 27 | {{{#!th width="144" |
| 28 | Example |
| 29 | }}} |
| 30 | {{{#!th width="180" |
| 31 | IPA Transcription |
| 32 | }}} |
| 33 | {{{#!th width="252" |
| 34 | L&H+ Transcription |
| 35 | }}} |
| 36 | }}} |
| 37 | {{{#!tr |
| 38 | {{{#!td |
| 39 | ɑ |
| 40 | }}} |
| 41 | {{{#!td |
| 42 | A |
| 43 | }}} |
| 44 | {{{#!td |
| 45 | open back |
| 46 | }}} |
| 47 | {{{#!td |
| 48 | 0251 |
| 49 | }}} |
| 50 | {{{#!td |
| 51 | g(o)t |
| 52 | }}} |
| 53 | {{{#!td |
| 54 | ˈgɑt |
| 55 | }}} |
| 56 | {{{#!td |
| 57 | 'gAt |
| 58 | }}} |
| 59 | }}} |
| 60 | {{{#!tr |
| 61 | {{{#!td |
| 62 | ɛ |
| 63 | }}} |
| 64 | {{{#!td |
| 65 | E |
| 66 | }}} |
| 67 | {{{#!td |
| 68 | open-mid front |
| 69 | }}} |
| 70 | {{{#!td |
| 71 | 025B |
| 72 | }}} |
| 73 | {{{#!td |
| 74 | f(e)ll |
| 75 | }}} |
| 76 | {{{#!td |
| 77 | ˈfɛl |
| 78 | }}} |
| 79 | {{{#!td |
| 80 | 'fEl |
| 81 | }}} |
| 82 | }}} |
| 83 | {{{#!tr |
| 84 | {{{#!td |
| 85 | i |
| 86 | }}} |
| 87 | {{{#!td |
| 88 | i |
| 89 | }}} |
| 90 | {{{#!td |
| 91 | close front |
| 92 | }}} |
| 93 | {{{#!td |
| 94 | 0069 |
| 95 | }}} |
| 96 | {{{#!td |
| 97 | f(ee)l |
| 98 | }}} |
| 99 | {{{#!td |
| 100 | ˈfil |
| 101 | }}} |
| 102 | {{{#!td |
| 103 | 'fil |
| 104 | }}} |
| 105 | }}} |
| 106 | {{{#!tr |
| 107 | {{{#!td |
| 108 | ɪ |
| 109 | }}} |
| 110 | {{{#!td |
| 111 | I |
| 112 | }}} |
| 113 | {{{#!td |
| 114 | mid-high mid-front |
| 115 | }}} |
| 116 | {{{#!td |
| 117 | 026A |
| 118 | }}} |
| 119 | {{{#!td |
| 120 | f(i)ll |
| 121 | }}} |
| 122 | {{{#!td |
| 123 | ˈfɪl |
| 124 | }}} |
| 125 | {{{#!td |
| 126 | 'fIl |
| 127 | }}} |
| 128 | }}} |
| 129 | {{{#!tr |
| 130 | {{{#!td |
| 131 | ɔ |
| 132 | }}} |
| 133 | {{{#!td |
| 134 | O |
| 135 | }}} |
| 136 | {{{#!td |
| 137 | open-mid back rounded |
| 138 | }}} |
| 139 | {{{#!td |
| 140 | 0254 |
| 141 | }}} |
| 142 | {{{#!td |
| 143 | f(a)ll |
| 144 | }}} |
| 145 | {{{#!td |
| 146 | ˈfɔl |
| 147 | }}} |
| 148 | {{{#!td |
| 149 | 'fOl |
| 150 | }}} |
| 151 | }}} |
| 152 | {{{#!tr |
| 153 | {{{#!td |
| 154 | u |
| 155 | }}} |
| 156 | {{{#!td |
| 157 | u |
| 158 | }}} |
| 159 | {{{#!td |
| 160 | close back rounded |
| 161 | }}} |
| 162 | {{{#!td |
| 163 | 0075 |
| 164 | }}} |
| 165 | {{{#!td |
| 166 | f(oo)l |
| 167 | }}} |
| 168 | {{{#!td |
| 169 | ˈful |
| 170 | }}} |
| 171 | {{{#!td |
| 172 | 'ful |
| 173 | }}} |
| 174 | }}} |
| 175 | {{{#!tr |
| 176 | {{{#!td |
| 177 | ə |
| 178 | }}} |
| 179 | {{{#!td |
| 180 | $ |
| 181 | }}} |
| 182 | {{{#!td |
| 183 | central (schwa) |
| 184 | }}} |
| 185 | {{{#!td |
| 186 | 0259 |
| 187 | }}} |
| 188 | {{{#!td |
| 189 | (a)llow |
| 190 | }}} |
| 191 | {{{#!td |
| 192 | ə.ˈla͡ʊ |
| 193 | }}} |
| 194 | {{{#!td |
| 195 | $.'la&U |
| 196 | }}} |
| 197 | }}} |
| 198 | {{{#!tr |
| 199 | {{{#!td |
| 200 | æ |
| 201 | }}} |
| 202 | {{{#!td |
| 203 | @ |
| 204 | }}} |
| 205 | {{{#!td |
| 206 | mid-low front |
| 207 | }}} |
| 208 | {{{#!td |
| 209 | 00E6 |
| 210 | }}} |
| 211 | {{{#!td |
| 212 | c(a)t |
| 213 | }}} |
| 214 | {{{#!td |
| 215 | ˈkæt |
| 216 | }}} |
| 217 | {{{#!td |
| 218 | 'k@t |
| 219 | }}} |
| 220 | }}} |
| 221 | {{{#!tr |
| 222 | {{{#!td |
| 223 | ʌ |
| 224 | }}} |
| 225 | {{{#!td |
| 226 | !^ |
| 227 | }}} |
| 228 | {{{#!td |
| 229 | open-mid back |
| 230 | }}} |
| 231 | {{{#!td |
| 232 | 028C |
| 233 | }}} |
| 234 | {{{#!td |
| 235 | c(u)t |
| 236 | }}} |
| 237 | {{{#!td |
| 238 | ˈkʌt |
| 239 | }}} |
| 240 | {{{#!td |
| 241 | 'k!^t |
| 242 | }}} |
| 243 | }}} |
| 244 | {{{#!tr |
| 245 | {{{#!td |
| 246 | ʊ |
| 247 | }}} |
| 248 | {{{#!td |
| 249 | U |
| 250 | }}} |
| 251 | {{{#!td |
| 252 | mid-high back rounded |
| 253 | }}} |
| 254 | {{{#!td |
| 255 | 028A |
| 256 | }}} |
| 257 | {{{#!td |
| 258 | f(u)ll |
| 259 | }}} |
| 260 | {{{#!td |
| 261 | ˈfʊl |
| 262 | }}} |
| 263 | {{{#!td |
| 264 | 'fUl |
| 265 | }}} |
| 266 | }}} |
| 267 | {{{#!tr |
| 268 | {{{#!td |
| 269 | ɜ |
| 270 | }}} |
| 271 | {{{#!td |
| 272 | E0 |
| 273 | }}} |
| 274 | {{{#!td |
| 275 | open-mid central |
| 276 | }}} |
| 277 | {{{#!td |
| 278 | 025C |
| 279 | }}} |
| 280 | {{{#!td |
| 281 | c(u)rt |
| 282 | }}} |
| 283 | {{{#!td |
| 284 | ˈkɜɻt |
| 285 | }}} |
| 286 | {{{#!td |
| 287 | 'kE0R+t |
| 288 | }}} |
| 289 | }}} |
| 290 | |
| 291 | === Diphthong === |
| 292 | |
| 293 | {{{#!tr |
| 294 | {{{#!th width="72" |
| 295 | IPA |
| 296 | }}} |
| 297 | {{{#!th width="93" |
| 298 | L&H+ |
| 299 | }}} |
| 300 | {{{#!th width="216" |
| 301 | Description |
| 302 | }}} |
| 303 | {{{#!th width="144" |
| 304 | IPA Unicode |
| 305 | }}} |
| 306 | {{{#!th width="144" |
| 307 | Example |
| 308 | }}} |
| 309 | {{{#!th width="180" |
| 310 | IPA Transcription |
| 311 | }}} |
| 312 | {{{#!th width="252" |
| 313 | L&H+ Transcription |
| 314 | }}} |
| 315 | }}} |
| 316 | {{{#!tr |
| 317 | {{{#!td |
| 318 | e͡ɪ |
| 319 | }}} |
| 320 | {{{#!td |
| 321 | e&I |
| 322 | }}} |
| 323 | {{{#!td |
| 324 | from close-mid front to mid-high mid-front |
| 325 | }}} |
| 326 | {{{#!td |
| 327 | 0065 +[[br]]0361 +[[br]] |
| 328 | 026A |
| 329 | }}} |
| 330 | {{{#!td |
| 331 | f(ai)l |
| 332 | }}} |
| 333 | {{{#!td |
| 334 | ˈfe͡ɪl |
| 335 | }}} |
| 336 | {{{#!td |
| 337 | 'fe&Il |
| 338 | }}} |
| 339 | }}} |
| 340 | {{{#!tr |
| 341 | {{{#!td |
| 342 | ɔ͡ɪ |
| 343 | }}} |
| 344 | {{{#!td |
| 345 | O&I |
| 346 | }}} |
| 347 | {{{#!td |
| 348 | from open-mid back rounded to mid-high mid-front |
| 349 | }}} |
| 350 | {{{#!td |
| 351 | 0254 +[[br]]0361 +[[br]] |
| 352 | 026A |
| 353 | }}} |
| 354 | {{{#!td |
| 355 | f(oi)l |
| 356 | }}} |
| 357 | {{{#!td |
| 358 | ˈfɔ͡ɪl |
| 359 | }}} |
| 360 | {{{#!td |
| 361 | 'fO&Il |
| 362 | }}} |
| 363 | }}} |
| 364 | {{{#!tr |
| 365 | {{{#!td |
| 366 | a͡ɪ |
| 367 | }}} |
| 368 | {{{#!td |
| 369 | a&I |
| 370 | }}} |
| 371 | {{{#!td |
| 372 | from open front to mid-high mid-front |
| 373 | }}} |
| 374 | {{{#!td |
| 375 | 0061 +[[br]]0361 +[[br]] |
| 376 | 026A |
| 377 | }}} |
| 378 | {{{#!td |
| 379 | f(i)le |
| 380 | }}} |
| 381 | {{{#!td |
| 382 | ˈfa͡ɪl |
| 383 | }}} |
| 384 | {{{#!td |
| 385 | 'fa&Il |
| 386 | }}} |
| 387 | }}} |
| 388 | {{{#!tr |
| 389 | {{{#!td |
| 390 | a͡ʊ |
| 391 | }}} |
| 392 | {{{#!td |
| 393 | a&U |
| 394 | }}} |
| 395 | {{{#!td |
| 396 | from open front to mid-high back rounded |
| 397 | }}} |
| 398 | {{{#!td |
| 399 | 0061 +[[br]]0361 +[[br]] |
| 400 | 028A |
| 401 | }}} |
| 402 | {{{#!td |
| 403 | f(ou)l |
| 404 | }}} |
| 405 | {{{#!td |
| 406 | ˈfa͡ʊl |
| 407 | }}} |
| 408 | {{{#!td |
| 409 | 'fa&Ul |
| 410 | }}} |
| 411 | }}} |
| 412 | {{{#!tr |
| 413 | {{{#!td |
| 414 | o͡ʊ |
| 415 | }}} |
| 416 | {{{#!td |
| 417 | o&U |
| 418 | }}} |
| 419 | {{{#!td |
| 420 | from close-mid back rounded to mid-high back rounded |
| 421 | }}} |
| 422 | {{{#!td |
| 423 | 006F +[[br]]0361 +[[br]] |
| 424 | 028A |
| 425 | }}} |
| 426 | {{{#!td |
| 427 | g(oa)l |
| 428 | }}} |
| 429 | {{{#!td |
| 430 | ˈgo͡ʊl |
| 431 | }}} |
| 432 | {{{#!td |
| 433 | 'go&Ul |
| 434 | }}} |
| 435 | }}} |
| 436 | |
| 437 | === Consonant (Pulmonic) === |
| 438 | |
| 439 | {{{#!tr |
| 440 | {{{#!th width="72" |
| 441 | IPA |
| 442 | }}} |
| 443 | {{{#!th width="93" |
| 444 | L&H+ |
| 445 | }}} |
| 446 | {{{#!th width="216" |
| 447 | Description |
| 448 | }}} |
| 449 | {{{#!th width="144" |
| 450 | IPA Unicode |
| 451 | }}} |
| 452 | {{{#!th width="144" |
| 453 | Example |
| 454 | }}} |
| 455 | {{{#!th width="180" |
| 456 | IPA Transcription |
| 457 | }}} |
| 458 | {{{#!th width="252" |
| 459 | L&H+ Transcription |
| 460 | }}} |
| 461 | }}} |
| 462 | {{{#!tr |
| 463 | {{{#!td |
| 464 | j |
| 465 | }}} |
| 466 | {{{#!td |
| 467 | j |
| 468 | }}} |
| 469 | {{{#!td |
| 470 | palatal approximant voiced |
| 471 | }}} |
| 472 | {{{#!td |
| 473 | 006A |
| 474 | }}} |
| 475 | {{{#!td |
| 476 | (y)es |
| 477 | }}} |
| 478 | {{{#!td |
| 479 | ˈjɛs |
| 480 | }}} |
| 481 | {{{#!td |
| 482 | 'jEs |
| 483 | }}} |
| 484 | }}} |
| 485 | {{{#!tr |
| 486 | {{{#!td |
| 487 | w |
| 488 | }}} |
| 489 | {{{#!td |
| 490 | w |
| 491 | }}} |
| 492 | {{{#!td |
| 493 | labial velar approximant voiced |
| 494 | }}} |
| 495 | {{{#!td |
| 496 | 0077 |
| 497 | }}} |
| 498 | {{{#!td |
| 499 | (wh)y |
| 500 | }}} |
| 501 | {{{#!td |
| 502 | ˈwa͡ɪ |
| 503 | }}} |
| 504 | {{{#!td |
| 505 | 'wa&I |
| 506 | }}} |
| 507 | }}} |
| 508 | {{{#!tr |
| 509 | {{{#!td |
| 510 | p |
| 511 | }}} |
| 512 | {{{#!td |
| 513 | p |
| 514 | }}} |
| 515 | {{{#!td |
| 516 | bilabial plosive voiceless |
| 517 | }}} |
| 518 | {{{#!td |
| 519 | 0070 |
| 520 | }}} |
| 521 | {{{#!td |
| 522 | (p)it |
| 523 | }}} |
| 524 | {{{#!td |
| 525 | ˈpɪt |
| 526 | }}} |
| 527 | {{{#!td |
| 528 | 'pIt |
| 529 | }}} |
| 530 | }}} |
| 531 | {{{#!tr |
| 532 | {{{#!td |
| 533 | b |
| 534 | }}} |
| 535 | {{{#!td |
| 536 | b |
| 537 | }}} |
| 538 | {{{#!td |
| 539 | bilabial plosive voiced |
| 540 | }}} |
| 541 | {{{#!td |
| 542 | 0062 |
| 543 | }}} |
| 544 | {{{#!td |
| 545 | (b)it |
| 546 | }}} |
| 547 | {{{#!td |
| 548 | ˈbɪt |
| 549 | }}} |
| 550 | {{{#!td |
| 551 | 'bIt |
| 552 | }}} |
| 553 | }}} |
| 554 | {{{#!tr |
| 555 | {{{#!td |
| 556 | t |
| 557 | }}} |
| 558 | {{{#!td |
| 559 | t |
| 560 | }}} |
| 561 | {{{#!td |
| 562 | alveolar plosive voiceless |
| 563 | }}} |
| 564 | {{{#!td |
| 565 | 0074 |
| 566 | }}} |
| 567 | {{{#!td |
| 568 | (t)op |
| 569 | }}} |
| 570 | {{{#!td |
| 571 | ˈtɑp |
| 572 | }}} |
| 573 | {{{#!td |
| 574 | 'tAp |
| 575 | }}} |
| 576 | }}} |
| 577 | {{{#!tr |
| 578 | {{{#!td |
| 579 | d |
| 580 | }}} |
| 581 | {{{#!td |
| 582 | d |
| 583 | }}} |
| 584 | {{{#!td |
| 585 | alveolar plosive voiced |
| 586 | }}} |
| 587 | {{{#!td |
| 588 | 0064 |
| 589 | }}} |
| 590 | {{{#!td |
| 591 | (d)ig |
| 592 | }}} |
| 593 | {{{#!td |
| 594 | ˈdɪg |
| 595 | }}} |
| 596 | {{{#!td |
| 597 | 'dIg |
| 598 | }}} |
| 599 | }}} |
| 600 | {{{#!tr |
| 601 | {{{#!td |
| 602 | k |
| 603 | }}} |
| 604 | {{{#!td |
| 605 | k |
| 606 | }}} |
| 607 | {{{#!td |
| 608 | velar plosive voiceless |
| 609 | }}} |
| 610 | {{{#!td |
| 611 | 006B |
| 612 | }}} |
| 613 | {{{#!td |
| 614 | (c)at |
| 615 | }}} |
| 616 | {{{#!td |
| 617 | ˈkæt |
| 618 | }}} |
| 619 | {{{#!td |
| 620 | 'k@t |
| 621 | }}} |
| 622 | }}} |
| 623 | {{{#!tr |
| 624 | {{{#!td |
| 625 | g |
| 626 | }}} |
| 627 | {{{#!td |
| 628 | g |
| 629 | }}} |
| 630 | {{{#!td |
| 631 | velar plosive voiced |
| 632 | }}} |
| 633 | {{{#!td |
| 634 | 0067 |
| 635 | }}} |
| 636 | {{{#!td |
| 637 | (g)ot |
| 638 | }}} |
| 639 | {{{#!td |
| 640 | ˈgɑt |
| 641 | }}} |
| 642 | {{{#!td |
| 643 | 'gAt |
| 644 | }}} |
| 645 | }}} |
| 646 | {{{#!tr |
| 647 | {{{#!td |
| 648 | f |
| 649 | }}} |
| 650 | {{{#!td |
| 651 | f |
| 652 | }}} |
| 653 | {{{#!td |
| 654 | labiodental fricative voiceless |
| 655 | }}} |
| 656 | {{{#!td |
| 657 | 0066 |
| 658 | }}} |
| 659 | {{{#!td |
| 660 | (f)at |
| 661 | }}} |
| 662 | {{{#!td |
| 663 | ˈfæt |
| 664 | }}} |
| 665 | {{{#!td |
| 666 | 'f@t |
| 667 | }}} |
| 668 | }}} |
| 669 | {{{#!tr |
| 670 | {{{#!td |
| 671 | v |
| 672 | }}} |
| 673 | {{{#!td |
| 674 | v |
| 675 | }}} |
| 676 | {{{#!td |
| 677 | labiodental fricative voiced |
| 678 | }}} |
| 679 | {{{#!td |
| 680 | 0076 |
| 681 | }}} |
| 682 | {{{#!td |
| 683 | (v)at |
| 684 | }}} |
| 685 | {{{#!td |
| 686 | ˈvæt |
| 687 | }}} |
| 688 | {{{#!td |
| 689 | 'v@t |
| 690 | }}} |
| 691 | }}} |
| 692 | {{{#!tr |
| 693 | {{{#!td |
| 694 | s |
| 695 | }}} |
| 696 | {{{#!td |
| 697 | s |
| 698 | }}} |
| 699 | {{{#!td |
| 700 | alveolar fricative voiceless |
| 701 | }}} |
| 702 | {{{#!td |
| 703 | 0073 |
| 704 | }}} |
| 705 | {{{#!td |
| 706 | (s)eal |
| 707 | }}} |
| 708 | {{{#!td |
| 709 | ˈsil |
| 710 | }}} |
| 711 | {{{#!td |
| 712 | 'sil |
| 713 | }}} |
| 714 | }}} |
| 715 | {{{#!tr |
| 716 | {{{#!td |
| 717 | z |
| 718 | }}} |
| 719 | {{{#!td |
| 720 | z |
| 721 | }}} |
| 722 | {{{#!td |
| 723 | alveolar fricative voiced |
| 724 | }}} |
| 725 | {{{#!td |
| 726 | 007A |
| 727 | }}} |
| 728 | {{{#!td |
| 729 | (z)eal |
| 730 | }}} |
| 731 | {{{#!td |
| 732 | ˈzil |
| 733 | }}} |
| 734 | {{{#!td |
| 735 | 'zil |
| 736 | }}} |
| 737 | }}} |
| 738 | {{{#!tr |
| 739 | {{{#!td |
| 740 | ʃ |
| 741 | }}} |
| 742 | {{{#!td |
| 743 | S |
| 744 | }}} |
| 745 | {{{#!td |
| 746 | postalveolar fricative voiceless |
| 747 | }}} |
| 748 | {{{#!td |
| 749 | 0283 |
| 750 | }}} |
| 751 | {{{#!td |
| 752 | (sh)ip |
| 753 | }}} |
| 754 | {{{#!td |
| 755 | ˈʃɪp |
| 756 | }}} |
| 757 | {{{#!td |
| 758 | 'SIp |
| 759 | }}} |
| 760 | }}} |
| 761 | {{{#!tr |
| 762 | {{{#!td |
| 763 | ʒ |
| 764 | }}} |
| 765 | {{{#!td |
| 766 | Z |
| 767 | }}} |
| 768 | {{{#!td |
| 769 | postalveolar fricative voiced |
| 770 | }}} |
| 771 | {{{#!td |
| 772 | 0292 |
| 773 | }}} |
| 774 | {{{#!td |
| 775 | lei(s)ure |
| 776 | }}} |
| 777 | {{{#!td |
| 778 | ˈli.ʒəɻ |
| 779 | }}} |
| 780 | {{{#!td |
| 781 | 'li.Z$R+ |
| 782 | }}} |
| 783 | }}} |
| 784 | {{{#!tr |
| 785 | {{{#!td |
| 786 | h |
| 787 | }}} |
| 788 | {{{#!td |
| 789 | h |
| 790 | }}} |
| 791 | {{{#!td |
| 792 | glottal fricative voiceless |
| 793 | }}} |
| 794 | {{{#!td |
| 795 | 0068 |
| 796 | }}} |
| 797 | {{{#!td |
| 798 | (h)at |
| 799 | }}} |
| 800 | {{{#!td |
| 801 | ˈhæt |
| 802 | }}} |
| 803 | {{{#!td |
| 804 | 'h@t |
| 805 | }}} |
| 806 | }}} |
| 807 | {{{#!tr |
| 808 | {{{#!td |
| 809 | m |
| 810 | }}} |
| 811 | {{{#!td |
| 812 | m |
| 813 | }}} |
| 814 | {{{#!td |
| 815 | bilabial nasal voiced |
| 816 | }}} |
| 817 | {{{#!td |
| 818 | 006D |
| 819 | }}} |
| 820 | {{{#!td |
| 821 | (m)an |
| 822 | }}} |
| 823 | {{{#!td |
| 824 | ˈmæn |
| 825 | }}} |
| 826 | {{{#!td |
| 827 | 'm@n |
| 828 | }}} |
| 829 | }}} |
| 830 | {{{#!tr |
| 831 | {{{#!td |
| 832 | n |
| 833 | }}} |
| 834 | {{{#!td |
| 835 | n |
| 836 | }}} |
| 837 | {{{#!td |
| 838 | alveolar nasal voiced |
| 839 | }}} |
| 840 | {{{#!td |
| 841 | 006E |
| 842 | }}} |
| 843 | {{{#!td |
| 844 | (n)ut |
| 845 | }}} |
| 846 | {{{#!td |
| 847 | ˈnʌt |
| 848 | }}} |
| 849 | {{{#!td |
| 850 | 'n!^t |
| 851 | }}} |
| 852 | }}} |
| 853 | {{{#!tr |
| 854 | {{{#!td |
| 855 | ŋ |
| 856 | }}} |
| 857 | {{{#!td |
| 858 | nK |
| 859 | }}} |
| 860 | {{{#!td |
| 861 | velar nasal voiced |
| 862 | }}} |
| 863 | {{{#!td |
| 864 | 014B |
| 865 | }}} |
| 866 | {{{#!td |
| 867 | ri(ng) |
| 868 | }}} |
| 869 | {{{#!td |
| 870 | ˈɻɪŋ |
| 871 | }}} |
| 872 | {{{#!td |
| 873 | 'R+InK |
| 874 | }}} |
| 875 | }}} |
| 876 | {{{#!tr |
| 877 | {{{#!td |
| 878 | l |
| 879 | }}} |
| 880 | {{{#!td |
| 881 | l |
| 882 | }}} |
| 883 | {{{#!td |
| 884 | alveolar lateral approximant |
| 885 | }}} |
| 886 | {{{#!td |
| 887 | 006C |
| 888 | }}} |
| 889 | {{{#!td |
| 890 | (l)ip |
| 891 | }}} |
| 892 | {{{#!td |
| 893 | ˈlɪp |
| 894 | }}} |
| 895 | {{{#!td |
| 896 | 'lIp |
| 897 | }}} |
| 898 | }}} |
| 899 | {{{#!tr |
| 900 | {{{#!td |
| 901 | ʔ |
| 902 | }}} |
| 903 | {{{#!td |
| 904 | ? |
| 905 | }}} |
| 906 | {{{#!td |
| 907 | glottal plosive |
| 908 | }}} |
| 909 | {{{#!td |
| 910 | 0294 |
| 911 | }}} |
| 912 | {{{#!td |
| 913 | ()eat |
| 914 | }}} |
| 915 | {{{#!td |
| 916 | ˈʔit |
| 917 | }}} |
| 918 | {{{#!td |
| 919 | '?it |
| 920 | }}} |
| 921 | }}} |
| 922 | {{{#!tr |
| 923 | {{{#!td |
| 924 | θ |
| 925 | }}} |
| 926 | {{{#!td |
| 927 | T |
| 928 | }}} |
| 929 | {{{#!td |
| 930 | dental fricative voiceless |
| 931 | }}} |
| 932 | {{{#!td |
| 933 | 03B8 |
| 934 | }}} |
| 935 | {{{#!td |
| 936 | (th)in |
| 937 | }}} |
| 938 | {{{#!td |
| 939 | ˈθɪn |
| 940 | }}} |
| 941 | {{{#!td |
| 942 | 'TIn |
| 943 | }}} |
| 944 | }}} |
| 945 | {{{#!tr |
| 946 | {{{#!td |
| 947 | ð |
| 948 | }}} |
| 949 | {{{#!td |
| 950 | D |
| 951 | }}} |
| 952 | {{{#!td |
| 953 | dental fricative voiced |
| 954 | }}} |
| 955 | {{{#!td |
| 956 | 00F0 |
| 957 | }}} |
| 958 | {{{#!td |
| 959 | (th)en |
| 960 | }}} |
| 961 | {{{#!td |
| 962 | ˈðɛn |
| 963 | }}} |
| 964 | {{{#!td |
| 965 | 'DEn |
| 966 | }}} |
| 967 | }}} |
| 968 | {{{#!tr |
| 969 | {{{#!td |
| 970 | ɻ |
| 971 | }}} |
| 972 | {{{#!td |
| 973 | R+ |
| 974 | }}} |
| 975 | {{{#!td |
| 976 | retroflex approximant voiced |
| 977 | }}} |
| 978 | {{{#!td |
| 979 | 027B |
| 980 | }}} |
| 981 | {{{#!td |
| 982 | (r)ip |
| 983 | }}} |
| 984 | {{{#!td |
| 985 | ˈɻɪp |
| 986 | }}} |
| 987 | {{{#!td |
| 988 | 'R+Ip |
| 989 | }}} |
| 990 | }}} |
| 991 | {{{#!tr |
| 992 | {{{#!td |
| 993 | ɾ |
| 994 | }}} |
| 995 | {{{#!td |
| 996 | !r6 |
| 997 | }}} |
| 998 | {{{#!td |
| 999 | alveolar flap voiced |
| 1000 | }}} |
| 1001 | {{{#!td |
| 1002 | 027E |
| 1003 | }}} |
| 1004 | {{{#!td |
| 1005 | bu(tt)er |
| 1006 | }}} |
| 1007 | {{{#!td |
| 1008 | ˈbʌ.ɾəɻ |
| 1009 | }}} |
| 1010 | {{{#!td |
| 1011 | 'b!^.!r6$R+ |
| 1012 | }}} |
| 1013 | }}} |
| 1014 | {{{#!tr |
| 1015 | {{{#!td |
| 1016 | n̩ |
| 1017 | }}} |
| 1018 | {{{#!td |
| 1019 | n%) |
| 1020 | }}} |
| 1021 | {{{#!td |
| 1022 | alveolar nasal voiced syllabic |
| 1023 | }}} |
| 1024 | {{{#!td |
| 1025 | 006E +[[br]] |
| 1026 | 0329 |
| 1027 | }}} |
| 1028 | {{{#!td |
| 1029 | did(n')t |
| 1030 | }}} |
| 1031 | {{{#!td |
| 1032 | ˈdɪ.dn̩t |
| 1033 | }}} |
| 1034 | {{{#!td |
| 1035 | 'dI.dn%)t |
| 1036 | }}} |
| 1037 | }}} |
| 1038 | {{{#!tr |
| 1039 | {{{#!td |
| 1040 | l̩ |
| 1041 | }}} |
| 1042 | {{{#!td |
| 1043 | l%) |
| 1044 | }}} |
| 1045 | {{{#!td |
| 1046 | alveolar lateral approximant syllabic |
| 1047 | }}} |
| 1048 | {{{#!td |
| 1049 | 006C +[[br]] |
| 1050 | 0329 |
| 1051 | }}} |
| 1052 | {{{#!td |
| 1053 | batt(le) |
| 1054 | }}} |
| 1055 | {{{#!td |
| 1056 | ˈbæ.ɾl̩ |
| 1057 | }}} |
| 1058 | {{{#!td |
| 1059 | 'b@.!r6l%) |
| 1060 | }}} |
| 1061 | }}} |
| 1062 | |
| 1063 | === Affricate === |
| 1064 | |
| 1065 | {{{#!tr |
| 1066 | {{{#!th width="72" |
| 1067 | IPA |
| 1068 | }}} |
| 1069 | {{{#!th width="93" |
| 1070 | L&H+ |
| 1071 | }}} |
| 1072 | {{{#!th width="216" |
| 1073 | Description |
| 1074 | }}} |
| 1075 | {{{#!th width="144" |
| 1076 | IPA Unicode |
| 1077 | }}} |
| 1078 | {{{#!th width="144" |
| 1079 | Example |
| 1080 | }}} |
| 1081 | {{{#!th width="180" |
| 1082 | IPA Transcription |
| 1083 | }}} |
| 1084 | {{{#!th width="252" |
| 1085 | L&H+ Transcription |
| 1086 | }}} |
| 1087 | }}} |
| 1088 | {{{#!tr |
| 1089 | {{{#!td |
| 1090 | t͡ʃ |
| 1091 | }}} |
| 1092 | {{{#!td |
| 1093 | t&S |
| 1094 | }}} |
| 1095 | {{{#!td |
| 1096 | affricate voiceless from alveolar to postalveolar |
| 1097 | }}} |
| 1098 | {{{#!td |
| 1099 | 0074 +[[br]]0361 +[[br]] |
| 1100 | 0283 |
| 1101 | }}} |
| 1102 | {{{#!td |
| 1103 | ca(tch) |
| 1104 | }}} |
| 1105 | {{{#!td |
| 1106 | ˈkæt͡ʃ |
| 1107 | }}} |
| 1108 | {{{#!td |
| 1109 | 'k@t&S |
| 1110 | }}} |
| 1111 | }}} |
| 1112 | {{{#!tr |
| 1113 | {{{#!td |
| 1114 | d͡ʒ |
| 1115 | }}} |
| 1116 | {{{#!td |
| 1117 | d&Z |
| 1118 | }}} |
| 1119 | {{{#!td |
| 1120 | affricate voiced from alveolar to postalveolar |
| 1121 | }}} |
| 1122 | {{{#!td |
| 1123 | 0064 +[[br]]0361 +[[br]] |
| 1124 | 0292 |
| 1125 | }}} |
| 1126 | {{{#!td |
| 1127 | (j)ourney |
| 1128 | }}} |
| 1129 | {{{#!td |
| 1130 | ˈd͡ʒɜɻ.ni |
| 1131 | }}} |
| 1132 | {{{#!td |
| 1133 | 'd&ZE0R+.ni |
| 1134 | }}} |
| 1135 | }}} |
| 1136 | |
| 1137 | === Suprasegmental === |
| 1138 | |
| 1139 | {{{#!tr |
| 1140 | {{{#!th width="72" |
| 1141 | IPA |
| 1142 | }}} |
| 1143 | {{{#!th width="93" |
| 1144 | L&H+ |
| 1145 | }}} |
| 1146 | {{{#!th width="216" |
| 1147 | Description |
| 1148 | }}} |
| 1149 | {{{#!th width="144" |
| 1150 | IPA Unicode |
| 1151 | }}} |
| 1152 | }}} |
| 1153 | {{{#!tr |
| 1154 | {{{#!td |
| 1155 | . |
| 1156 | }}} |
| 1157 | {{{#!td |
| 1158 | . |
| 1159 | }}} |
| 1160 | {{{#!td |
| 1161 | syllable break |
| 1162 | }}} |
| 1163 | {{{#!td |
| 1164 | 002E |
| 1165 | }}} |
| 1166 | }}} |
| 1167 | {{{#!tr |
| 1168 | {{{#!td |
| 1169 | ˈ |
| 1170 | }}} |
| 1171 | {{{#!td |
| 1172 | ' |
| 1173 | }}} |
| 1174 | {{{#!td |
| 1175 | primary stress |
| 1176 | }}} |
| 1177 | {{{#!td |
| 1178 | 02C8 |
| 1179 | }}} |
| 1180 | }}} |
| 1181 | {{{#!tr |
| 1182 | {{{#!td |
| 1183 | ˌ |
| 1184 | }}} |
| 1185 | {{{#!td |
| 1186 | '2 |
| 1187 | }}} |
| 1188 | {{{#!td |
| 1189 | secondary stress |
| 1190 | }}} |
| 1191 | {{{#!td |
| 1192 | 02CC |
| 1193 | }}} |
| 1194 | }}} |
| 1195 | |
| 1196 | === Other symbol === |
| 1197 | |
| 1198 | {{{#!tr |
| 1199 | {{{#!th width="72" |
| 1200 | IPA |
| 1201 | }}} |
| 1202 | {{{#!th width="93" |
| 1203 | L&H+ |
| 1204 | }}} |
| 1205 | {{{#!th width="216" |
| 1206 | Description |
| 1207 | }}} |
| 1208 | }}} |
| 1209 | {{{#!tr |
| 1210 | {{{#!td |
| 1211 | None |
| 1212 | }}} |
| 1213 | {{{#!td |
| 1214 | " |
| 1215 | }}} |
| 1216 | {{{#!td |
| 1217 | sentence accent |
| 1218 | }}} |
| 1219 | }}} |
| 1220 | {{{#!tr |
| 1221 | {{{#!td |
| 1222 | None |
| 1223 | }}} |
| 1224 | {{{#!td |
| 1225 | # |
| 1226 | }}} |
| 1227 | {{{#!td |
| 1228 | silence (pause) |
| 1229 | }}} |
| 1230 | }}} |
| 1231 | {{{#!tr |
| 1232 | {{{#!td |
| 1233 | None |
| 1234 | }}} |
| 1235 | {{{#!td |
| 1236 | _ |
| 1237 | }}} |
| 1238 | {{{#!td |
| 1239 | word delimitor |
| 1240 | }}} |
| 1241 | }}} |
| 1242 | {{{#!tr |
| 1243 | {{{#!td |
| 1244 | None |
| 1245 | }}} |
| 1246 | {{{#!td |
| 1247 | *. |
| 1248 | }}} |
| 1249 | {{{#!td |
| 1250 | end of declarative |
| 1251 | }}} |
| 1252 | }}} |
| 1253 | {{{#!tr |
| 1254 | {{{#!td |
| 1255 | None |
| 1256 | }}} |
| 1257 | {{{#!td |
| 1258 | *, |
| 1259 | }}} |
| 1260 | {{{#!td |
| 1261 | comma |
| 1262 | }}} |
| 1263 | }}} |
| 1264 | {{{#!tr |
| 1265 | {{{#!td |
| 1266 | None |
| 1267 | }}} |
| 1268 | {{{#!td |
| 1269 | *! |
| 1270 | }}} |
| 1271 | {{{#!td |
| 1272 | end of exclamation |
| 1273 | }}} |
| 1274 | }}} |
| 1275 | {{{#!tr |
| 1276 | {{{#!td |
| 1277 | None |
| 1278 | }}} |
| 1279 | {{{#!td |
| 1280 | *? |
| 1281 | }}} |
| 1282 | {{{#!td |
| 1283 | end of question |
| 1284 | }}} |
| 1285 | }}} |
| 1286 | {{{#!tr |
| 1287 | {{{#!td |
| 1288 | None |
| 1289 | }}} |
| 1290 | {{{#!td |
| 1291 | *; |
| 1292 | }}} |
| 1293 | {{{#!td |
| 1294 | semicolon |
| 1295 | }}} |
| 1296 | }}} |
| 1297 | {{{#!tr |
| 1298 | {{{#!td |
| 1299 | None |
| 1300 | }}} |
| 1301 | {{{#!td |
| 1302 | *: |
| 1303 | }}} |
| 1304 | {{{#!td |
| 1305 | colon |
| 1306 | }}} |
| 1307 | }}} |
| 1308 | |
| 1309 | |
| 1310 | |