wiki:EnglishPhoneticAlphabet

Phonetic alphabets for American English

This document displays IPA characters and other special characters in the Phonetic alphabets section. See also CzechPhoneticAlphabet.

Phonetic alphabets

Table version 4.0

Vowel

IPA

L&H+

Description

IPA Unicode

Example

IPA Transcription

L&H+ Transcription

ɑ

A

open back

0251

g(o)t

ˈgɑt

'gAt

ɛ

E

open-mid front

025B

f(e)ll

ˈfɛl

'fEl

i

i

close front

0069

f(ee)l

ˈfil

'fil

ɪ

I

mid-high mid-front

026A

f(i)ll

ˈfɪl

'fIl

ɔ

O

open-mid back rounded

0254

f(a)ll

ˈfɔl

'fOl

u

u

close back rounded

0075

f(oo)l

ˈful

'ful

ə

$

central (schwa)

0259

(a)llow

ə.ˈla͡ʊ

$.'la&U

æ

@

mid-low front

00E6

c(a)t

ˈkæt

'k@t

ʌ

^

open-mid back

028C

c(u)t

ˈkʌt

'k^t

ʊ

U

mid-high back rounded

028A

f(u)ll

ˈfʊl

'fUl

ɜ

E0

open-mid central

025C

c(u)rt

ˈkɜɻt

'kE0R+t

Diphthong

IPA

L&H+

Description

IPA Unicode

Example

IPA Transcription

L&H+ Transcription

e͡ɪ

e&I

from close-mid front to mid-high mid-front

0065 +
0361 +
026A

f(ai)l

ˈfe͡ɪl

'fe&Il

ɔ͡ɪ

O&I

from open-mid back rounded to mid-high mid-front

0254 +
0361 +
026A

f(oi)l

ˈfɔ͡ɪl

'fO&Il

a͡ɪ

a&I

from open front to mid-high mid-front

0061 +
0361 +
026A

f(i)le

ˈfa͡ɪl

'fa&Il

a͡ʊ

a&U

from open front to mid-high back rounded

0061 +
0361 +
028A

f(ou)l

ˈfa͡ʊl

'fa&Ul

o͡ʊ

o&U

from close-mid back rounded to mid-high back rounded

006F +
0361 +
028A

g(oa)l

ˈgo͡ʊl

'go&Ul

Consonant (Pulmonic)

IPA

L&H+

Description

IPA Unicode

Example

IPA Transcription

L&H+ Transcription

j

j

palatal approximant voiced

006A

(y)es

ˈjɛs

'jEs

w

w

labial velar approximant voiced

0077

(wh)y

ˈwa͡ɪ

'wa&I

p

p

bilabial plosive voiceless

0070

(p)it

ˈpɪt

'pIt

b

b

bilabial plosive voiced

0062

(b)it

ˈbɪt

'bIt

t

t

alveolar plosive voiceless

0074

(t)op

ˈtɑp

'tAp

d

d

alveolar plosive voiced

0064

(d)ig

ˈdɪg

'dIg

k

k

velar plosive voiceless

006B

(c)at

ˈkæt

'k@t

g

g

velar plosive voiced

0067

(g)ot

ˈgɑt

'gAt

f

f

labiodental fricative voiceless

0066

(f)at

ˈfæt

'f@t

v

v

labiodental fricative voiced

0076

(v)at

ˈvæt

'v@t

s

s

alveolar fricative voiceless

0073

(s)eal

ˈsil

'sil

z

z

alveolar fricative voiced

007A

(z)eal

ˈzil

'zil

ʃ

S

postalveolar fricative voiceless

0283

(sh)ip

ˈʃɪp

'SIp

ʒ

Z

postalveolar fricative voiced

0292

lei(s)ure

ˈli.ʒəɻ

'li.Z$R+

h

h

glottal fricative voiceless

0068

(h)at

ˈhæt

'h@t

m

m

bilabial nasal voiced

006D

(m)an

ˈmæn

'm@n

n

n

alveolar nasal voiced

006E

(n)ut

ˈnʌt

'n^t

ŋ

nK

velar nasal voiced

014B

ri(ng)

ˈɻɪŋ

'R+InK

l

l

alveolar lateral approximant

006C

(l)ip

ˈlɪp

'lIp

ʔ

?

glottal plosive

0294

()eat

ˈʔit

'?it

θ

T

dental fricative voiceless

03B8

(th)in

ˈθɪn

'TIn

ð

D

dental fricative voiced

00F0

(th)en

ˈðɛn

'DEn

ɻ

R+

retroflex approximant voiced

027B

(r)ip

ˈɻɪp

'R+Ip

ɾ

r6

alveolar flap voiced

027E

bu(tt)er

ˈbʌ.ɾəɻ

'b^.r6$R+

n%)

alveolar nasal voiced syllabic

006E +
0329

did(n')t

ˈdɪ.dn̩t

'dI.dn%)t

l%)

alveolar lateral approximant syllabic

006C +
0329

batt(le)

ˈbæ.ɾl̩

'b@.!r6l%)

Affricate

IPA

L&H+

Description

IPA Unicode

Example

IPA Transcription

L&H+ Transcription

t͡ʃ

t&S

affricate voiceless from alveolar to postalveolar

0074 +
0361 +
0283

ca(tch)

ˈkæt͡ʃ

'k@t&S

d͡ʒ

d&Z

affricate voiced from alveolar to postalveolar

0064 +
0361 +
0292

(j)ourney

ˈd͡ʒɜɻ.ni

'd&ZE0R+.ni

Suprasegmental

IPA

L&H+

Description

IPA Unicode

.

.

syllable break

002E

ˈ

'

primary stress

02C8

ˌ

'2

secondary stress

02CC

Other symbol

IPA

L&H+

Description

None

"

sentence accent

None

#

silence (pause)

None

_

word delimitor

None

*.

end of declarative

None

*,

comma

None

*!

end of exclamation

None

*?

end of question

None

*;

semicolon

None

*:

colon

Last modified 18 months ago Last modified on Jun 13, 2019, 4:02:36 PM