# Changes between Version 2 and Version 3 of TracRepositoryAdmin

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Sep 7, 2017, 3:46:14 PM (4 years ago)
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 v2 = Repository Administration = = Repository Administration [[PageOutline(2-3)]] == Quick start == #QuickStart * Manage repositories in the "Repository" admin panel, with trac-admin or in the [repositories] section of [wiki:TracIni#repositories-section trac.ini]. == Quick start #QuickStart * Enable the repository connector(s) for the version control system(s) that you will use. * Add repositories through the //Repositories// admin panel, with trac-admin or in the [repositories] section of [wiki:TracIni#repositories-section trac.ini]. * Set up a call to trac-admin $ENV changeset added$REPO $REV in the post-commit hook of each repository. Additionally, add a call to trac-admin$ENV changeset modified $REPO$REV in the post-revprop-change hook of repositories allowing revision property changes. * Set the [trac] repository_sync_per_request option to an empty value to disable per-request syncing. * Make sure the user under which your Subversion hooks are run has write access to the Trac environment, or use a tool like sudo to temporarily elevate privileges. == Specifying repositories == #Repositories Starting with 0.12, Trac can handle more than one repository per environment. The pre-0.12 way of specifying the repository with the repository_dir and repository_type options in the [trac] section of [wiki:TracIni trac.ini] is still supported, but two new mechanisms allow including additional repositories into an environment. It is also possible to define aliases of repositories, that act as "pointers" to real repositories. This can be useful when renaming a repository, to avoid breaking all the links to the old name. A number of attributes can be associated with each repository, which define the repository's location, type, name and how it is displayed in the source browser. The following attributes are supported: * Make sure the user under which your hooks are run has write access to the Trac environment, or use a tool like sudo to temporarily elevate privileges. == Enabling the components Support for version control systems is provided by optional components distributed with Trac, which are disabled by default //(since 1.0)//. Subversion and Git must be explicitly enabled if you wish to use them. The version control systems can be enabled by adding the following to the [components] section of your [TracIni#components-section trac.ini], or enabling the components in the //Plugins// admin panel. {{{#!ini tracopt.versioncontrol.svn.* = enabled }}} {{{#!ini tracopt.versioncontrol.git.* = enabled }}} == Specifying repositories #Repositories Trac supports multiple repositories per environment, and the repositories may be for different version control system types. Each repository must be defined in a repository configuration provider, the two supported by default are the [#ReposDatabase database store] and the [#ReposTracIni trac.ini configuration file]. A repository should not be defined in multiple configuration providers. It is possible to define aliases of repositories, that act as "pointers" to real repositories. This can be useful when renaming a repository, to avoid breaking links to the old name. A number of attributes can be associated with each repository. The attributes define the repository's location, type, name and how it is displayed in the source browser. The following attributes are supported: ||='''Attribute''' =||='''Description''' =|| ||The dir attribute specifies the location of the repository in the filesystem. It corresponds to the value previously specified in the option [trac] repository_dir. The alias and dir attributes are mutually exclusive. || ||hidden ||When set to true, the repository is hidden from the repository index page in the source browser. Browsing the repository is still possible, and links referencing the repository remain valid. || ||sync_per_request||When set to true the repository will be synced on every request. This is not recommended, instead a post-commit hook should be configured to provide [#ExplicitSync explicit synchronization] and sync_per_request should be set to false.|| ||type ||The type attribute sets the type of version control system used by the repository. Trac supports Subversion and Git out-of-the-box, and plugins add support for many other systems. If type is not specified, it defaults to the value of the [trac] repository_type option. || ||url ||The url attribute specifies the root URL to be used for checking out from the repository. When specified, a "Repository URL" link is added to the context navigation links in the source browser, that can be copied into the tool used for creating the working copy. || A repository name and one of alias or dir attributes are mandatory. All others are optional. For some version control systems, it is possible to specify not only the path to the repository in the dir attribute, but also a ''scope'' within the repository. Trac will then only show information related to the files and changesets below that scope. The Subversion backend for Trac supports this. For other types, check the corresponding plugin's documentation. After adding a repository, the cache for that repository must be re-synchronized once with the trac-admin $ENV repository resync command. === In trac.ini === #ReposTracIni === In trac.ini #ReposTracIni Repositories and repository attributes can be specified in the [repositories] section of [wiki:TracIni#repositories-section trac.ini]. Every attribute consists of a key structured as {name}.{attribute} and the corresponding value separated with an equal sign (=). The name of the default repository is empty. The following example defines two Subversion repositories named project and lib, and an alias to project as the default repository. This is a typical use case where a Trac environment previously had a single repository (the project repository), and was converted to multiple repositories. The alias ensures that links predating the change continue to resolve to the project repository. {{{ #!ini {{{#!ini [repositories] project.dir = /var/repos/project Note that name.alias = target makes name an alias for the target repo, not the other way around. === In the database === #ReposDatabase === In the database #ReposDatabase Repositories can also be specified in the database, using either the "Repositories" admin panel under "Version Control", or the trac-admin$ENV repository commands. Note that the default repository has an empty name, so it will likely need to be quoted when running trac-admin from a shell. Alternatively, the name "(default)" can be used instead, for example when running trac-admin in interactive mode. == Repository synchronization == #Synchronization == Repository caching The Subversion and Git repository connectors support caching, which improves the performance browsing the repository, viewing logs and viewing changesets. Cached repositories must be [#Synchronization synchronized]; either explicit or implicit synchronization can be used. When searching changesets, only cached repositories are searched. Subversion repositories are cached unless the type is direct-svnfs. Git repositories are cached when [git] [wiki:TracIni#git-section cached_repository] is true. == Repository synchronization #Synchronization Prior to 0.12, Trac synchronized its cache with the repository on every HTTP request. This approach is not very efficient and not practical anymore with multiple repositories. For this reason, explicit synchronization through post-commit hooks was added. There is also new functionality in the form of a repository listener extension point ''(IRepositoryChangeListener)'' that is triggered by the post-commit hook when a changeset is added or modified, and can be used by plugins to perform actions on commit. === Mercurial Repositories === === Mercurial Repositories Please note that at the time of writing, no initial resynchronization or any hooks are necessary for Mercurial repositories - see [trac:#9485] for more information. === Explicit synchronization === #ExplicitSync This is the preferred method of repository synchronization. It requires setting the [trac]  repository_sync_per_request option in [wiki:TracIni#trac-section trac.ini] to an empty value, and adding a call to trac-admin in the post-commit hook of each repository. Additionally, if a repository allows changing revision metadata, a call to trac-admin must be added to the post-revprop-change hook as well. === Explicit synchronization #ExplicitSync This is the preferred method of repository synchronization. It requires setting the sync_per_request attribute to false, and adding a call to trac-admin in the post-commit hook of each repository. Additionally, if a repository allows changing revision metadata, a call to trac-admin must be added to the post-revprop-change hook as well. changeset added [...]:: The  argument can be either a repository name (use "(default)" for the default repository) or the path to the repository. Note that you may have to set the environment variable PYTHON_EGG_CACHE to the same value as was used for the web server configuration before calling trac-admin, if you changed it from its default location. See [wiki:TracPlugins Trac Plugins] for more information. Note that you may have to set the environment variable PYTHON_EGG_CACHE to the same value as was used for the web server configuration before calling trac-admin, if you changed it from its default location. See [wiki:TracPlugins Trac Plugins] for more information. ==== Subversion ===== Using trac-svn-hook In a Unix environment, the simplest way to configure explicit synchronization is by using the [trac:source:trunk/contrib/trac-svn-hook contrib/trac-svn-hook] script. trac-svn-hook starts trac-admin asynchronously to avoid slowing the commit and log editing operations. The script comes with a number of safety checks and usage advice. Output is written to a log file with prefix svn-hooks- in the environment log directory, which can make configuration issues easier to debug. There's no equivalent trac-svn-hook.bat for Windows yet, but the script can be run by Cygwin's bash. Follow the help in the documentation header of the script to configure trac-svn-hook. Configuring the hook environment variables is made easier in Subversion 1.8 by using the [http://svnbook.red-bean.com/en/1.8/svn.reposadmin.create.html#svn.reposadmin.hooks.configuration hook script environment] configuration. Rather than directly editing trac-svn-hook to set the environment variables, they can be configured through the repository conf/hooks-env file. Replace the [trac:source:trunk/contrib/trac-svn-hook@:65-67#L61 configuration section] with: {{{#!bash export PATH=$PYTHON_BIN:$PATH export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$PYTHON_LIB:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH }}} and set the variables TRAC_ENV, PYTHON_BIN and PYTHON_LIB in the hooks-env file. Here is an example, using a Python virtual environment at /usr/local/venv: {{{#!ini [default] TRAC_ENV=/var/trac/project-1 PYTHON_BIN=/usr/local/venv/bin PYTHON_LIB=/usr/local/venv/lib }}} ===== Writing Your Own Hook Script The following examples are complete post-commit and post-revprop-change scripts for Subversion. They should be edited for the specific environment, marked executable (where applicable) and placed in the hooks directory of each repository. On Unix (post-commit): /usr/bin/trac-admin /path/to/env changeset added "$1" "$2" }}} Note: Ubuntu doesn't seem to like /usr/bin/trac-admin, so just use: {{{#!sh #!/bin/sh export PYTHON_EGG_CACHE="/path/to/dir" trac-admin /path/to/env/ changeset added "$1" "$2" }}} Note: Check with whereis trac-admin, whether trac-admin is really installed under /usr/bin/ or maybe under /usr/local/bin/ and adapt the path. On Windows (post-commit.cmd): {{{#!application/x-dos-batch {{{#!bat @C:\Python26\Scripts\trac-admin.exe C:\path\to\env changeset added "%1" "%2" }}} }}} On Windows (post-revprop-change.cmd): {{{#!application/x-dos-batch {{{#!bat @C:\Python26\Scripts\trac-admin.exe C:\path\to\env changeset modified "%1" "%2" }}} The Unix variants above assume that the user running the Subversion commit has write access to the Trac environment, which is the case in the standard configuration where both the repository and Trac are served by the web server. If you access the repository through another means, for example svn+ssh://, you may have to run trac-admin with different privileges, for example by using sudo. Note that calling trac-admin in your Subversion hooks can slow down the commit and log editing operations on the client side. You might want to use the [trac:source:trunk/contrib/trac-svn-hook contrib/trac-svn-hook] script which starts trac-admin in an asynchronous way. The script also comes with a number of safety checks and usage advices which should make it easier to set up and test your hooks. There's no equivalent trac-svn-hook.bat for Windows yet, but the script can be run by Cygwin's bash. See the [http://svnbook.red-bean.com/en/1.5/svn.reposadmin.create.html#svn.reposadmin.create.hooks section about hooks] in the Subversion book for more information. Other repository types will require different hook setups. Git hooks can be used in the same way for explicit syncing of git repositories. Add the following to .git/hooks/post-commit: {{{#!sh REV=$(git rev-parse HEAD) trac-admin /path/to/env changeset added$REV }}} See the [http://svnbook.red-bean.com/en/1.7/svn.reposadmin.create.html#svn.reposadmin.create.hooks section about hooks] in the Subversion book for more information. Other repository types will require different hook setups. ==== Git Git hooks can be used in the same way for explicit syncing of Git repositories.  If your git repository is one that gets committed to directly on the machine that hosts trac, add the following to the hooks/post-commit file in your git repo (note: this will do nothing if you only update the repo by pushing to it): {{{#!sh #!/bin/sh REV=$(git rev-parse HEAD) trac-admin /path/to/env changeset added$REV }}} Alternately, if your repository is one that only gets pushed to, add the following to the hooks/post-receive file in the repo: {{{#!sh #!/bin/sh tracenv=/path/to/env     # change with your Trac environment's path repos=                   # change with your repository's name while read oldrev newrev refname; do if [ "$oldrev" = 0000000000000000000000000000000000000000 ]; then git rev-list --reverse "$newrev" -- else git rev-list --reverse "$newrev" "^$oldrev" -- fi | xargs trac-admin "$tracenv" changeset added "$repos" done }}} The  argument can be either a repository name (use "(default)" for the default repository) or the path to the repository. ==== Mercurial For Mercurial, add the following entries to the .hgrc file of each repository accessed by Trac (if [trac:TracMercurial] is installed in a Trac plugins directory, download [trac:source:mercurial-plugin/tracext/hg/hooks.py hooks.py] and place it somewhere accessible): }}} === Per-request synchronization === #PerRequestSync If the post-commit hooks are not available, the environment can be set up for per-request synchronization. In that case, the [trac] repository_sync_per_request option in [wiki:TracIni#trac-section trac.ini] must be set to a comma-separated list of repository names to be synchronized. === Per-request synchronization #PerRequestSync If the post-commit hooks are not available, the environment can be set up for per-request synchronization. In that case, the sync_per_request attribute for each repository in the database and in [wiki:TracIni#trac-section trac.ini] must be set to false. Note that in this case, the changeset listener extension point is not called, and therefore plugins using it will not work correctly. == Migration from a single-repository setup (Subversion) == #Migration The following procedure illustrates a typical migration from a Subversion single-repository setup to multiple repositories. 1. Remove the default repository specification from the [trac] repository_dir option. 1. Add the main repository as a named repository. 1. Re-synchronize the main repository. 1. Set up post-commit and post-revprop-change hooks on the "main" repository, and set [trac] repository_sync_per_request to an empty value. 1. Add an alias to the main repository as the default repository (by leaving out the the name, e.g. .alias = main). This ensures that all links predating the migration still resolve to the main repository. 1. Repeat steps 2, 3 and 4 to add other "named" repositories as needed. == Migration from a single-repository setup (Mercurial) == #MigrationMercurial The following procedure illustrates a typical migration from a Mercurial single-repository setup to multiple repositories. Please note that at the time of writing, no initial resynchronization or any hooks are necessary for Mercurial repositories - see [trac:ticket:9485 #9485] for more information. 1. Upgrade to the latest version of the TracMercurial plugin. 1. Remove the default repository specification from the [trac] repository_dir option. 1. Add the main repository as a named repository. 1. Add an alias to the main repository as the default repository (by leaving out the the name, e.g. .alias = main). This ensures that all links predating the migration still resolve to the main repository. 1. Repeat step 3 to add other "named" repositories as needed. == Troubleshooting == === My trac-post-commit-hook doesn't work anymore === #trac-post-commit-hook == Automatic changeset references in tickets You can automatically add a reference to the changeset as a ticket comment whenever changes are committed to the repository. The description of the commit needs to contain one of the following formulas: * '''Refs #123''' - to reference this changeset in #123 ticket * '''Fixes #123''' - to reference this changeset and close #123 ticket with the default status ''fixed'' This functionality requires installing a post-commit hook as described in [#ExplicitSync], and enabling the optional commit updater components by adding the following line to the [components] section of your [wiki:TracIni#components-section trac.ini], or enabling the components in the //Plugins// admin panel. {{{#!ini tracopt.ticket.commit_updater.* = enabled }}} For more information, see the documentation of the CommitTicketUpdater component in the //Plugins// admin panel and the [trac:CommitTicketUpdater] page. == Troubleshooting === My trac-post-commit-hook doesn't work anymore #trac-post-commit-hook You must now use the optional components from tracopt.ticket.commit_updater.*, which you can activate through the Plugins panel in the Administrative part of the web interface, or by directly modifying the [TracIni#components-section "[components]"] section in the trac.ini. Be sure to use [#ExplicitSync explicit synchronization] as explained above. See [trac:CommitTicketUpdater#Troubleshooting] for more troubleshooting tips.